• MONA MAHROUS ABDEL WAHED Housing & Building National Research Center HBRC - 87 Tahrir St – Dokki – Giza – Egypt


Many countries including Egypt, are having difficulty in providing different sources of energy. Therefore, many countries are heading towards finding new clean and sustainable sources of energy instead of the current means of producing energy with its environmental and economic operational problems. New power generations are currently developed based on the utilization of renewable and sustainable energy depending on the availability of such resources in the country.Protecting the country’s natural resources and enhancing those resources, which have suffered from degradation stand as important features of the country’s sustainable development goals. Presence of an effective system for managing the country’s sustainable development goals becomes important and essential. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proved to be one of the most important technological tools the country can employ in order to tackle this issue.Many countries are already using GIS to plan and implement programs to promote sustainable socio-economic and environmental development. It is useful to sustain our resource using wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass energy. It is also important to search for cleaner, smarter, and more conscientious methods of energy production, transmission, and distribution. GIS is not only improving the way we produce and deliver energy, but it is also changing the way we view our earth's resources.Renewable energy (RE) projects are too expensive to make random decisions related to site selection, therefore GIS is a powerful tool in querying and selecting the most suitable locations for constructing RE projects.This paper aims to demonstrate the usefulness of GIS technology in locating the most suitable locations for constructing wind farms from urban planning point of view through determining a list of criteria, in order to generate new means of energy to preserve the natural resources to the coming generations.


Michele Campagna, GIS for Sustainable Development, Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press, 2006.
Anupam Kumar Singh, Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques in India: A Synergistic Approach towards Sustainable Natural Resources Management, International conference on Technologies for Sustainability – Engineering, Information Technology, Management and the Environment, November 2015, p. 152-160.
Amira Sobeih, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Egypt - Supporting Natural Resource Management and Local Development, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), 2005.
Brundtland, G., Ed., Our Common Future: The World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. 1987.
Nisreen R. Ellaham, Towards creating areas of excellence and new sustainable cities in Egypt- criticism review of planning new communities, information and decision support center, working paper no. 24, 2011.
Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, Annual Report, Cairo, 2011.
World Wind Energy Report, 2010.
Martin Raubal, GIS for Renewable Energy, from
Dan Liggett, Utilizing GIS for Renewable Energy Projects, November 2014, from
GIS for Renewable Energy, ESRI. for-renewable.html.
Donna M. Heimiller, and Steven R. Haymes, Geographic Information Systems in Support of Wind Energy Activities at NREL, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado, 39th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, Nevada , January 2001.
Baris Ozerdem, Serra Ozer, and Mahir Tosun “Feasibility study of wind farms: A case study for Izmir, Turkey” Journal of wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, ELSEVIER, 18 April 2006.
Hsing Hung Chen a, He-Yau Kang b, and Amy H.I. Lee c; “Strategic selection of suitable projects for hybrid solar-wind power generation systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14 (2010), pp. 413–421.
Baban Serwan, P. T.. Developing and applying a GIS-assisted approach to locating wind farms in the UK. Renewable Energy, 15 August 2000, pp. 59-71.
Zihan Yang, Using GIS to Determine Wind Energy Potential in Minnesota, USA. Volume 15, Papers in Resource Analysis. 13 pp. Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota University Central Services Press. Winona, MN., 2013.
R. H. Abdel Hamid, A GIS-DSS for Wind Farms Industry in Egypt, Utility Exhibition on Power and Energy Systems: Issues & Prospects for Asia (ICUE), 2011 International Conference, 2011, pp. 1–7.
P. Kasinatha Pandian and L. Iyappan, Developing a Geospatial Based Approach to Locate Wind Farms in Pollachi Taluk, Tamil Nadu, India, International Journal of Technical Research and Applications e-ISSN: 2320-8163, Special Issue 12 (Jan-Feb 2015), PP. 30-34.
Adul Bennui, Payom Rattanamanee, Udomphon Puetpaiboon, Pornchai Phukpattaranont and Kanadit Chetpattananondh, Site Selection for Large Wind Turbine Using GIS, PSU-UNS, International Conference on Engineering and Environment - ICEE-2007, Phuket, May 2007.
G.C.Biswal1, S.P.Shukla2, Site Selection for Wind Farm Installation, International Journal of Innovation Research in Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 8, August 2015.
Kris Ohleth, GIS and Wind Farms
How to Cite
ABDEL WAHED, MONA MAHROUS. GIS FOR RENEWABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY “SITING WIND FARMS IN EGYPT”. Arabian Journal of Earth Sciences, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 26-38, dec. 2016. ISSN 2409-4730. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 june 2019.


GIS; Sustainable Development; Renewal Energy; Wind Farms; Suitable Locations; Egypt