• Sawsan Abdel Aziz Nashid Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, University of Khartoum., Sudan


This is a descriptive study that aims at investigating the influence of education on individuals’ language attitudes through the languages used as media of instruction in schools. These languages tend to be introduced to the family domain by pupils and students. English, as the means of education in South Sudan in general and Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG) in particular, affects the status of Southern Sudanese indigenous languages, thus causing language change. Hence, the positive attitudes towards the English language are due to that English is viewed as being of more socioeconomic value, and a means of gaining better socio-political status and jobs. NBeGS was (until 2015) one of the ten States of South Sudan. It has an area of 33,558 km² and is part of the Bahr el Ghazal region. A sociolinguistic profile on NBeGS and Aweil is provided to lay the ground for understanding how and why English as a means of education could be among the factors of language change.Interviews, focus group discussions and observations were the main tools of data collection. The data was collected from NBeGS; mainly in Aweil Town from late 2009 to the beginning of 2010 and in Wau (January 2010), but also in Juba (December 2010, December 2011, October 2014) and in Khartoum. The other sources of information were the Sudan Fifth Population Census of 2008 and the State Ministry of Education.The information on schools, students, and languages was continuously updated.It is found that, despite the shortcomings in educational services in NBeGS, the English language tends to spread within the family domain by pupils and students, causing language change.


Avery, M., Auvine, B., Streibel, B., and Weiss, L. (1981): Building united judgment: A handbook for consensus decision making, Madison, WI: Center for Conflict Resolution. (Available from the Center at P.O. Box 2156, Madison, WI 53701-2156)
Baker, Colin, Neil Naiman, Markus Frölich, Hans Heinrich Stern and A Todesco (1978): “The good language learner”, Research in Education, series no. 7, Ontario, Institute for Studies in Education. Retrieved on 25/9/2012 from:
Jok, Madut Jok (2001): War and Slavery in Sudan, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. Retrieved on 24.10.2012 from:
Izon, Meredith and Kelly, Barbara F. (2007): “One size doesn’t fit all: Research methodologies in a language variation study of Sudanese teens”, Proceedings of Australian Linguistics Society, 2006, University of Queensland Press. Retrieved on 2.6.2009 from:
Krueger, RA (1994): Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research, 2ed, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Kuc, Majok Kuc (2004): “Brief history of Aweil educational background”. Retrieved on 20.1.2009 from:
Manual of Research Methodology (2003): Prepared by Research Directorate in collaboration with World Health Organization, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum: Sudan Currency Printing Press.
Nashid, Sawsan Abdel Aziz Mohammed (2014): The Sociolinguistic Situation in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, (South Sudan): A Case Study of Aweil Town, PhD thesis (unpubl.), Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, University of Khartoum.
Tutkuay, Kuach Yak (2011): “Is Arabic an afterbirth of the Islamism”. Retrieved on 2.6.2013 from: Village Assessments and Returnee Monitoring Analytical Report, Northern Bahr el Ghazal State,2009.From:
Wol, Dhieu Mathok Diing (2009): Politics of Ethnic Discrimination in Sudan-A Justification for the Secession of South Sudan, Kampala: Netmedia publisher ltd.
How to Cite
NASHID, Sawsan Abdel Aziz. EDUCATION IN NORTHERN BAHR EL GHAZAL, SOUTH SUDAN. ASRO Journal of Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 18-27, nov. 2016. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 nov. 2019.


Education; Bahr el-Ghazal; Education in Sudan